Viking sewing-machine-user-guide

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Shop Area: Textiles

Tool: Viking Sewing Machine

Requires in-person training: No

Procedure Number

UG 140-02, Rev. 1




The Husqvarna Viking Emerald 116 is the standard sewing machine that we stock for general use and for classes.

Viking Sewing Machine.png


  • Always wear approved safety glasses or face shield while operating the equipment.
  • Before operating equipment, remove tie, rings, watches and other jewelry, and roll sleeves up past the elbows. Remove all loose clothing and confine long hair.
  • Non-slip footwear or anti-skid floor strips are recommended.
  • Closed toe shoes are required when working in a shop area.
  • Do not wear gloves while operating the equipment.
  • Make all machine adjustments or maintenance with the machine unplugged from the power source.
  • Always power off machine when not in use.
  • A sewing machine should never be left unattended when plugged in. Always unplug this sewing machine from the electric outlet immediately after using and before cleaning.
  • Always unplug before relamping. Replace bulb with same type rated 15 Watt (for model 116).
  • Keep fingers away from all moving parts. Special care is required around the sewing machine needle.
  • Always use the proper needle plate. The wrong plate can cause the needle to break.
  • Do not use bent needles.
  • Do not pull or push fabric while stitching. It may deflect the needle causing it to break.
  • Switch the sewing machine off (“0”) when making any adjustment in the needle area, such as threading needle, changing needle, threading bobbin, or changing presser foot, etc.
  • Always unplug sewing machine from the electrical outlet when removing covers, lubricating, or when making any other user servicing adjustments mentioned in the instruction manual.


user manual (


Extension Table

To remove: Hook your fingers on the bottom left of the extension table and pull it to the left.

To attach: Slide the extension table on and insert the pins into the holes and push the extension table to snap it in place.

Free-arm sewing: For stitching sleeves, waistbands, pant legs or any other tubular garments, For darning socks or mending knees or elbows.

Connecting the Power Supply

  • Turn the power switch off.
  • Insert the foot control plug into the machine socket.
  • Insert the power supply plug into the machine and the wall outlet.
  • Turn the power switch on.

Adjusting the Sewing Speed: Control the sewing speed by using the foot control. The harder you press the foot control, the faster the machine sews. If you press the foot control all the way, the machine runs at the maximum speed set by the speed control slide.  With the speed control slide, you can change the sewing speed to suit your needs. The slide limits how fast you can sew. To increase the sewing speed, slide the bar to the right. To reduce the sewing speed, slide the bar to the left.

Selecting the Best Stitch:  Select the best stitch, stitch length, stitch width, thread tension, presser foot and presser foot pressure for your sewing technique and fabric.

Viking Selecting the Best Stich.png

Select the Sewing Technique:

Viking Select the Sewing Technique.png

Reverse Lever: press the reverse lever downwards, the machine will sew in reverse. The machine will only sew in reverse as long as the reverse lever is pressed down.

Presser Foot Pressure Dial: Turn the pressure dial to adjust the pressure of the presser foot on the fabric when sewing on different thicknesses of fabric. The pressure dial should be set at 3 for regular sewing. Reduce the pressure to 2 for appliqué, cutwork and basting. Set the setting mark at 1 when sewing stretch fabrics, chiffon, lace, organdy and other fine fabrics. Set on 0 for free motion.

Lowering the Feed Teeth: The drop feed lever is located on the free-arm on the back of the machine. To lower the feed teeth, push the lever in the direction of the arrow. To raise the feed teeth, push the lever in the direction of the arrow and turn the handwheel toward you or start sewing to bring the feed teeth up. The feed teeth must be up for regular sewing.

Raising and Lowering the Presser Foot: The presser foot is raised and lowered with the presser foot lever. The presser foot must be down when sewing. By raising the presser foot lever as far as it goes the lift height of the presser foot can be increased by 1/4” (0.6 cm). This is useful for easy removal of the presser foot or when placing heavy fabrics under the foot.

Changing the Presser Foot:

  • Turn off the power switch
  • Make sure the needle is in the highest position. Pull the presser foot towards you.
  • To put foot on, line up the cross pin on the foot between the spring and the presser foot ankle.
  • Press back until the foot snaps into place.

Changing the Needle:

  • Turn off the power switch.
  • Use standard sewing machine needles.
  • Lower the presser foot.
  • Loosen the screw in the needle clamp by turning it counterclockwise.
  • Remove the needle.
  • Push up the new needle as far as it will go with the flat side away from you.
  • Tighten the screw firmly by turning it clockwise.

To check for a good needle:

  • Put the flat side of the needle onto something flat (needle plate, glass etc.).
  • The gap between the needle and the flat surface should be consistent.
  • Never use a blunt needle. A damaged needle can cause permanent snags or runs in knits, fine silks and silk-like fabrics.
  • Check the needle frequently for barbed or blunt points.

Placing the thread spool on the spool pin:

  • Place the thread spool on the spool pin with the thread coming off as illustrated.
  • With large thread spools, the large holder is placed in front of the thread.
  • For narrow thread spools, the small holder is placed in front of the thread.

Removing the bobbin:

  • Turn off the power switch.
  • Push the bobbin cover release button to the right and remove the cover.

Bobbin Winding:

  1. Pull the handwheel out to put the machine in bobbin wind position (the needle will not go up and down).
  2. Guide the thread around the bobbin thread tension guide into the tension disk.
  3. Thread through the hole in the bobbin from the inside to the outside. Put the bobbin on the bobbin winder spindle with the free end of the thread coming out at the top.
  4. Slide the bobbin winder spindle to the right. Do not move the bobbin winder spindle while the machine is running.
  5. With the free end of the thread held in your hand, press the foot control. Stop the machine when the bobbin has made a few turns, and cut the thread.
  6. Press the foot control again. When the bobbin is fully wound, it will stop automatically. Slide the bobbin winder to its original position by moving the spindle to the left, and cut the thread.
  7. Push in the handwheel.

Placing the bobbin:

  1. Turn off the power switch.
  2. Place the bobbin in the bobbin case with the thread pulling off.
  3. Guide the thread into the front notch on the front side of the bobbin case.
  4. Draw the thread to the left, sliding it between the tension spring blades.
  5. Continue to draw the thread lightly until the thread slips into the side notch.
  6. Pull out about 10 cm (4”) of thread.
  7. Attach the bobbin cover.
  8. Check the threading by referring to the chart shown on the bobbin cover.

Threading the Machine:

  1. Turn off the power switch.
  2. Make sure the presser foot is raised and the needle is in the up position.
  3. Bring the thread from the spool and pass it through the thread guide.
  4. Draw it down along the right slot.
  5. Guide the thread around the bottom of the thread guide plate.
  6. Firmly draw the thread from right to left over the take-up lever and down into the take-up lever eye.
  7. Slide the thread from the left behind the needle bar thread guide.
  8. Use the needle threader to thread the needle.

Needle Threader:

  1. Turn off the power switch.
  2. Raise the needle to its highest position.
  3. Lower the needle threader as far as it will go. The hook comes through the needle eye from behind.
  4. Bring the thread from the left around the guide and under the hook.
  5. Release the knob slowly while holding the thread end with your hand.
  6. A loop of the thread is pulled through the needle eye.
  7. Pull the loop of thread behind the needle eye.

Bringing up the Bobbin Thread:

  1. Turn off the power switch.
  2. Raise the presser foot and hold the needle thread lightly with your left hand.
  3. Turn the handwheel slowly toward you one complete turn. Bring the bobbin thread up by pulling the needle thread.
  4. Pull 10 cm (4”) of both threads back and under the presser foot.

Stitch Selection:

Viking Stitches.png 

  • Raise the needle to its highest position.
  • Turn the stitch selection dial to set the desired stitch pattern number at the setting mark.
  • Always raise the needle above the fabric and presser foot before you turn the stitch selection dial.

Stitch Length:

  • Turn the stitch length dial to set the desired stitch length number at the setting mark.
  • The higher the number, the longer the stitch.
  • The mark shows the adjustment range when sewing the buttonhole.
  • Stitch length dial - Set the stitch length dial at “stretch” when sewing stretch stitches.
  • Always raise the needle above the fabric and presser foot before you turn the stitch length dial.

Adjusting stretch stitch balance: If the stretch stitches are unbalanced when you sew on a particular fabric, balance them by turning the stitch length dial, within the stretch range.

To adjust the distorted stitches:

  • If the stitches are spread out, correct them by turning the dial in the “–” direction.
  • If the stitches are close together, correct them by turning the dial in the “+” direction.

Stitch Width:

  • Turn the stitch width dial to set the desired stitch width number at the setting mark.
  • The higher the number, the wider the stitch.
  • Always raise the needle above the fabric and presser foot before you turn the stitch width dial.

Variable needle position: The needle position of the straight stitches can be varied between the center

(5) and left (0) with the stitch width dial.

Balancing Needle Thread Tension: The thread tension may be adjusted depending on the sewing materials, layers of fabric and sewing method.

Balanced tension:

  • The ideal straight stitch has threads locked between two layers of fabric.
  • For an ideal zigzag stitch, the bobbin thread does not show on the right side (top side) of the fabric, and the needle thread shows slightly on the wrong side (bottom side) of the fabric.

Needle thread tension is too tight: The bobbin thread appears on the right side of the fabric. Loosen the needle thread tension by moving the dial to a lower number.

Needle thread tension is too loose: The needle thread appears on the wrong side of the fabric. Tighten the needle thread tension by moving the dial to a higher number.

Starting to sew:

  • Raise the presser foot and position the fabric next to a seam guide line on the needle plate.
  • Lower the needle to the point where you want to start.
  • Lower the presser foot and pull the threads toward the back.
  • Press the foot control.
  • Gently guide the fabric along the seam guide line letting the machine feed the fabric.

Changing the sewing direction:

  • Stop the machine and turn the handwheel to bring the needle down into the fabric.
  • Raise the presser foot.
  • Pivot the fabric to change sewing direction as desired.
  • Lower the presser foot and continue sewing in the new direction.

Finishing sewing:

  • Press the reverse lever and sew several stitches in reverse at the end of the seam, to lock the stitch.
  • Raise the presser foot and remove the fabric, drawing the threads to the back.
  • Draw the threads up and into the thread cutter. The threads are cut the proper length for starting the next seam.


See Referenced User Manual for pages.

user manual (

Viking Troubleshooting 1.png

Viking Troubleshooting 2.png 

                                              END OF THE PROCEDURE